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Assessment of Ecological Status and Socio-economic Dynamic of Upper Ewaso Ng’iro Basin Wetlands
The project aimed at mapping wetlands and assessing their socio-economic uses, values and functions, ecosystem services they render and threats to their sustainable management.

The project aimed at mapping wetlands and assessing their socio-economic uses, values, and functions, ecosystem services they render, and threats to their sustainable management. The perceived output of the project was to generate information for guiding the appropriate intervention measures that would facilitate sustained management of these resources for the benefit of local economies.

A total of six wetlands were covered in this study including Ol’Bolossat, Ewaso Narok, Pesi, Marura, Moyok, and Mutara. The main activity in the wetlands was crop farming. The issues emerging from the study included loss of natural wetland vegetation cover to agriculture and settlement activities, decreasing soil fertility, deteriorating crop production, low farm prices produce, human-wildlife conflicts, and decreasing river flow discharge among many others.

The project was successfully executed through various stages including reconnaissance visits to the study areas, field surveys, data analysis and database development, awareness creation, and data dissemination. The project approach was multidisciplinary involving social economic analysis, ecological analysis, and spatial-temporal analysis. Social economic data was captured using both structured questionnaires at the household level accompanied by field observation. Land cover data were derived using GIS and Remote sensing satellite images and field surveys with a total of eight land cover classes identified within the wetlands ecosystems. These classes included Forested areas, Scrublands Grassland, Sedges, scattered vegetation, Bare ground, Built-up / Cultivated, and Water.